15-19: The implications of Life Cycle Assessment in
thinking is becoming an important aspect for business to consider, as it is
included in many EU strategies and directives. However, through the Renewable
Energy Directive, biofuel is the only industry sector in which life cycle
assessment (LCA) is mandatory in order to justify the ‘sustainability’ of
biofuels used for transportation purposes. This has had significant influence
on the entire supply chain for biofuels in Sweden and the rest of Europe.
The aim of this
project is twofold: 1) to increase the understanding of how industry regulation
influences practices and decision-making throughout the innovation system, with
specific focus on biofuel producers, and 2) to facilitate the development of
more coherent environmental performance indicators for biofuel production.
The project will
generate recommendations for the biofuel industry on how to deal with and adapt
to regulation. Such recommendations are useful on a strategic level to develop plans
for meeting environmental performance targets. In addition, the results
generated during the project are applicable to other areas of business when
expanding renewable energy portfolios. On a more general level, the project
will increase knowledge on the implications of environmental policies that
mandate the use of LCA; with importance not only for biofuel producers, but
also for policy makers and governing organizations (e.g. Energimyndigheten).
The project will be conducted in collaboration with IVL-Swedish
Environmental Research Institute (Michael Martin and Tomas Ekvall),
SYKE-Finnish Environmental Research Institute (David Lazarevic) and
SP-Technical Research Institute of Sweden (Frida Røyne and Johan Torén).